Citation Styles and Tools
A guide to resources and best practices for citation, academic integrity, and bibliographic management. This guide includes information on citing resources in APA, Chicago/Turabian, CSE, and MLA styles.
Properly citing sources is an important part of scholarly writing. University Libraries are here to help you understand how to cite sources and to provide you with citation tools to make proper citing easier.
Different disciplines use different citation styles to credit scholarly works. The most common citation styles are APA, MLA, and Chicago/Turabian Styles. It is important to cite properly in order to avoid plagiarism and to give authors credit for their work.
APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences.
MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within liberal arts and the humanities.
Chicago Manual of Style has two methods of citation. Notes and bibliography style is common in the humanities, including literature, history and the arts. Author-date style is common in the physical, natural and social sciences.
Turabian style has two methods of citation. Notes and bibliography style is common in the humanities, including literature, history and the arts. Author-date style is common in the physical, natural and social sciences.
Citation management tools allow you to collect, organize, cite, and share your research materials. Tools such as Zotero and RefWorks also allow you to generate bibliographies and in-text citations. Remember that you should always double-check citations before submitting your work.
RefWorks is available to all Adelphi students, faculty, and staff. If it is your first time using RefWorks, click on "Create account" on the bottom of the screen and create an account using your AU email address.
Zotero is a free, open-source reference management tool similar to RefWorks. If you only want to generate one or two quick citations, there is a ZoteroBib option that allows you to do just that.