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Program Development And Evaluation
My professional experiences in social work practice and evaluation enrich my teaching, field advising, research, and scholarship. Foremost among my clinical positions, I served a diverse group of veterans and families as a medical social worker at the VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System. For more than seven years, I gained invaluable clinical experience across a wide range of healthcare settings — ambulatory, outpatient, inpatient, intensive care, physical rehabilitation, dementia care, and community nursing homes.
During this odyssey, I met with patients and family caregivers who were grappling with serious medical conditions, physical symptoms, and care demands. At times, hidden mental health conditions weakened coping and the effectiveness of care. For instance, some older adults with good cognitive functioning seemed withdrawn and disinterested, but denied sickness malaise or feeling blue. This response pattern deterred relatives and health providers from detecting "masked" depression, which may be a sign of illness exacerbation and risk for inpatient readmission, as well as an indicator of compromised safety, care adherence, and spousal caregiving at home. I also became intrigued that in response to screening items, patients and spouses reported lower financial strain when they were older, despite experiencing similar levels of economic stress as patients and spouses at younger ages. These limitations in detecting depression or financial difficulties in older adults sparked my interest in the phenomenon of biopsychosocial issues that remain hidden despite assessment.
I remain committed to the process of revealing hidden or emerging needs, issues, and strategies. Students in field placements and their supervisors often inform me about needs and issues in client populations and the evolution of service delivery at community agencies. I share insights with them from my own clinical, programming, and research experiences, and from my published scholarship, when there may be implications for social work roles, program development, or evaluation. In the classroom, I encourage students to engage each other and me in mutual learning. This shared process is similar to how social workers interact with clients and co-workers in clinical situations, and with colleagues at meetings, trainings, and conferences. I acknowledge when fresh perspectives emerge from mutual learning and try to incorporate some of them into my activities.
My innovative research, scholarship, publications, and grantsmanship emphasize two areas in health and aging:
— financial, psychosocial, and illness factors that interact to reveal older
or disadvantaged subgroups at risk of forgoing essential health care and necessities, especially among recipients of palliative care;
— multiple physical symptoms, side effects, or medical conditions in the
same individual that interact to predict co-occurring depression
In the latter area, I have investigated co-occurring depression, especially late-life depression, that may be hidden or masked; detected through screening; characterized by distinct depressive symptoms; or experienced as the malaise of feeling sick.
I am excited to be pursuing research and scholarship that may foster improvements in social work and transdisciplinary practices within health care settings and public health programs. In addition, I developed extensions to certain quantitative methods I frequently use, or discovered improvements in their application. I recently published these technical innovations in order to enhance, potentially, the utility of future work by other researchers.
Systems thinking, planning, and analysis in agencies and community practice
Program development and evaluation
Systematic reviews and meta-analysis; mixed methods research
Gerontology; social work in health care/public health
Social work practice; use of human behavior theories in social work practice
My background in clinical practice and program development, and experience in adapting and applying specific quantitative methods and statistical models, have led to important insights and directions for my work in the following areas:
1. Co-occurring symptoms that interact as "symptom clusters"
In symptom clusters, co-occurring symptoms either may operate separately, and additively, in their effects on important outcomes, or they may interact to predict synergistic impacts that are greater (or lower) than the sum of effects when each symptom occurs alone. Symptom clusters vary across specific conditions, with illness progression, and as side effects from drugs and medical procedures. Different symptom clusters occur across service settings and populations, such as outpatient care (e.g., disease-modifying treatments with palliative care), home-based hospice, and the community at large (e.g., post-treatment survivors). Symptom clusters also vary across clinical trials (e.g., a new chemotherapy), and drug safety trials.
Social workers, health care providers, and medical researchers all seek to identify and monitor individuals with unrelieved symptoms, treatment side effects, or at risk of diverting or abusing prescription drugs. These demands create a critical need for research on symptom clusters that affect outcomes such as adherence to care, quality of life, depression, and mortality. Thus, knowledge of symptom clusters, especially when symptoms interact, can be used to target screening efforts within particular patient subgroups so that individuals at greater risk for developing negative outcomes can be identified more easily and followed more closely.
In addition, some symptom clusters with interacting symptoms could be used
as leads and preliminary evidence to reveal when interventions for sentinel symptoms may be generating impacts that also reduce co-occurring symptoms, an optimal situation that could lead to developing strategies for symptom management that are simpler, better, and more cost-effective than treating each symptom separately. These "cross-over" impacts could relieve co-occurring symptoms that stem from the underlying disease process and/or from side effects of a drug or treatment.
a. I am making empirical contributions to the evolving, multidisciplinary area
of symptom clusters. I published a highly influential article (Francoeur, 2005c), cited 95 times by other scholars, which assessed how co-occurring physical symptoms interact to influence the relationship between a primary physical symptom (e.g., pain) and a mental health outcome (i.e., depressive malaise from feeling ill). This study of cancer outpatients initiating palliative radiation to relieve bone pain — one of the first published articles to investigate symptom clusters as statistical interactions — reported a number of findings, with symptoms contributing to different clusters based on severity and treatment.
These empirical findings were derived using a moderated regression approach to detect symptom interactions, and then follow-up graphical plots to interpret the nature of the influence of co-occurring symptoms on the relationship between a primary physical symptom and an outcome of depressive malaise. The follow-up graphical plots reported in the article showed that relationships between a primary physical symptom (e.g., pain) and the mental health outcome of depressive malaise differed depending upon the severity of other co-occurring symptom(s) (e.g., fatigue-weakness). This oncology research was demanding, in part, because it was taxing and time-consuming to apply this traditional approach of constructing follow-up graphical plots in order to evaluate statistical interactions among ordinal-scaled physical symptoms and identify derivative symptom clusters. Therefore, after completing the study, I decided to concentrate on developing an easier approach.
b. In recent years, I developed novel extensions to two rarely used mathematical procedures that provide more sensitive or easier approaches for detecting and interpreting statistical interactions, including those that reveal symptom clusters:
— Extended Zero Slopes Comparison (EZSC), a follow-up strategy for interpreting the nature (i.e., buffering and/or magnifying) of moderated regression effects, which are captured jointly by a set of ordinal or continuous predictors (e.g., x, w, z) and their derivative interaction terms (e.g., xw, xz, wz, xwz). EZSC extends a published procedure from the mid-1990s for interpreting linear interactions among two variables by also interpreting more complex types of statistical interactions among: 1) two variables where one is curvilinear; and 2) three linear variables. In contrast to traditional piecemeal approaches requiring multiple targeted analyses and graphs based on arbitrarily selected, discrete values of moderator variables, EZSC can be simpler and quicker, yet comprehensive, yielding interpretations for a range of moderator values that are similar in the nature of their effects (Francoeur, 2011a).
— Sequential Residual Centering (SRC), an analytical strategy that alleviates multicollinearity (shared variation among predictive factors) after data collection and reduces standard errors of estimated model parameters in moderated multiple regression, resulting in improved detection of statistical interactions (Francoeur, 2013). These unique features suggest that SRC holds promise for advancing synergistic frontiers of research. A series of adaptations and extensions to a biased residual centering procedure published in the late-1980s, SRC may be used in models of linear interactions among two variables and in more complex models (e.g., curvilinear interactions, interactions among three variables). In addition, SRC may be adapted to condition for additional sources of multicollinearity related to control, secondary, and quadratic (curvilinear) predictors, which are not derivative components of the interaction term and its related terms. Finally, SRC even permits a direct interpretation (i.e., without a follow-up procedure) of the net total moderator effect across the full range of predictor values that contribute to the interaction term and its related terms.
In the search for interactive symptom clusters, SRC and EZSC can be used together in moderated multiple regression, as well as structural equation models, for more sensitive and valid detection of symptom interactions, along with insights into their nature and strength (Francoeur, in press a; in press b).
Recently, I used both approaches: 1) to replicate a common symptom cluster (pain—fatigue/weakness—sleep problems) in the oncology literature; and 2) to demonstrate that the co-occurring symptoms interact, magnifying the relationship between pain and the outcome of depressive affect (Francoeur, in press a). Further analysis revealed this influential three-way symptom cluster to be restricted to fever-related contexts of "sickness behavior" and certain types of side effects. However, an expanded (four-way) symptom cluster (i.e., pain—fatigue/weakness—sleep problems—depressive affect) in non-fever contexts predicts a broader outcome (mobility problems), with depressive affect switching as the outcome to join the cluster as its fourth interacting symptom (Francoeur, in press b).
These findings call attention to a cytokine and neurological mechanism that may perpetuate these symptom clusters in at-risk subgroups — cancer survivors may find it especially difficult to quit smoking because nicotine relieves neuropathic pain and related symptoms through the robust cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway, which has numerous nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. Indeed, cancer survivors who smoke, or recently quit smoking, may benefit from periodic follow-up by social workers and other health clinicians to reassess symptoms and to encourage efforts and alternatives for smoking cessation (e.g., nicotine patch). In addition, these findings provide clinical insights into the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral treatment in a published randomized control trial for a similar three-way cluster (pain—fatigue—sleep disturbance), and support the utility of the psychostimulant methylphenidate in these symptom clusters.
Beyond symptom clusters, EZSC and SRC can be used together to improve detection and facilitate interpretation of statistical interactions among related biomarkers and biopsychosocial factors, as well as much more broadly — whenever synergistic relationships are investigated in social work, medicine, or other disciplines.
2. Hidden clinical issues in underserved populations
a. Recently, I reviewed and proposed clinical, programmatic, and community innovations for inner cities and rural areas to ensure safe access to medications for palliative care while preventing prescription drug abuse (Francoeur, Murty, & Sandowski, 2011; Francoeur, 2011b).
At a 2011 conference on the "Science of Abuse Liability Assessment" — which was jointly sponsored by the National Institute of Drug Abuse, the Food and Drug Administration, and the College on Problems of Drug Dependence — I presented a novel analytic strategy regarding the application of Multiple Indicators-Multiple Causes (MIMIC) structural equation models in a prescription drug safety trial in order to identify symptoms (known as adverse events) and their interacting clusters that predict psychometric scale items and overall scores from a drug safety trial questionnaire.
This application would detect when two different types of measures converge to reveal a more reliable signal of prescription drug abuse potential (i.e., when a spontaneous adverse event or cluster is supported by scores on a frequently administered psychometric scale or on specific scale items). A series of MIMIC runs may help inform the creation of a shorter, streamlined, and validated safety trial questionnaire for a particular drug by identifying psychometric scales for the same construct or dimension—and individual items from these scales— that are best predicted by specific adverse events and their interacting clusters.
b. Uncontrolled hypertension is highly prevalent, presents without symptoms, and constitutes a major risk factor for atherosclerosis, heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. Social service agencies are uniquely positioned to assume an effective public health role for gaining better control of hypertension within the community because they serve populations that do not receive periodic primary care. I advance the case for developing hypertension screening and prevention programs in social service agencies for clients who are already meeting with a social worker (Francoeur, 2010). Social workers could be trained to direct and monitor receptive clients in accurate blood pressure self-screening with a digital device, refer clients with elevated readings to health professionals for follow-up care, and suggest related lifestyle changes that could be addressed with the social worker as intermediate steps in achieving other goals that are especially valued by the client.
c. In my study of 146 inner-city African American and Latino outpatients from the Harlem Palliative Care Network, my co-investigators and I revealed that among outpatients either identifying with a religion or affiliated with a religious institution, those who were uninsured reported more hopeful attitudes than other patients towards their pain and symptoms, while those covered only by Medicaid reported less hopeful attitudes. These findings may be related to other evidence from the literature that referrals to palliative care are often delayed until disease conditions become full-blown, which makes it difficult to gain control over long-neglected pain and symptoms. Uninsured residents, in particular, may be prone to delayed referrals.
If this is correct, the more hopeful pain and symptom attitudes of uninsured patients referred through religious networks, and who anticipate becoming eligible for Medicaid, could diminish over time once Medicaid coverage begins, which implies some degree of eventual disillusionment. These differences in health expectations between the uninsured and Medicaid groups suggest that social workers, clergy, church members, and neighborhood leaders should give attention to how uninsured residents may be reached and referred earlier in the disease course, when there may be more options for achieving and maintaining control over pain and symptoms (Francoeur, Payne, Raveis, & Shim, 2007).
d. Using a sample of 287 outpatients initiating palliative radiation for cancer recurrence, I provided empirical support for a social psychological coping process in chronically ill elders who desire to avoid debt. In contrast to younger outpatients incurring similar levels of recent bills and expenses, older outpatients reported less difficulty paying bills. Thus, older outpatients may cope by accommodating more than younger outpatients to the level of bills and expenses that they incur. This coping process may be a positive adaptation, however some elders may forgo medical care and other necessities, which may influence their perceptions of financial strain from recent bills and expenses to be, misleadingly, more favorable than circumstances warrant.
This process of accommodating to current financial circumstances may be sustained to the extent that older outpatients project their concerns or fears of financial inadequacy onto plausible future situations of cancer progression that demand greater consumption of health care. These reactions may lead older outpatients to dissociate somewhat from their current financial circumstances, which may make them less aware how much they have already curbed consumption over the illness course. It should be recognized that common financial screening items: 1) typically focus only on recent stressors that can be readily recalled, such as meeting bills and expenses; and 2) do not reflect the extent to which necessities were forgone nor the perceived inadequacy of financial resources for meeting future health needs, such as health insurance coverage. As a result, vulnerable older outpatients may remain hidden from clinicians (Francoeur, 2007, 2005, 2002, 2001).
3. Depression presentation and phenomenology
a. In other research with the census of African-American and Latino outpatients from the Harlem Palliative Care Network, I provided evidence that a single item with forced-choice response options (either 'yes' or 'no') to screen for depression in inner-city minorities may fail to detect older minority men at risk; however, the inclusion of a middle category for ambivalent or missing responses improves sensitivity of the item (Francoeur, 2006).
b. In research with epidemiologic data, I am preparing articles on distinct profiles of depressive symptoms that suggest differences in the overall experience, or phenomenology, of depression in community-residing older adults with progressive vascular conditions (i.e., hypertension, atherosclerosis, vascular cognitive impairment, stroke, post-stroke cognitive impairment, low diastolic blood pressure, excess weight, and diabetes; see "Grants/Sponsored Research" for details). These findings will have implications for mental health assessment of older adults.
1. National Institute of Mental Health. Research Project Small Grant Award, R03 ($100,000).
This grant supported my investigation of the etiology and phenomenology of masked depression (with low endorsed dysphoric mood) in community-residing older adults with progressive vascular conditions (i.e., hypertension, atherosclerosis, vascular cognitive impairment, stroke, post-stroke cognitive impairment, low diastolic blood pressure) that manifest in specific sociodemographic and comorbidity contexts. This grant also supported an investigation that suggested older minority men (African-Americans and Latinos) from the inner city who were receiving palliative care may be at risk for hidden depression based on their overall attitude towards their physical symptoms.
2. John A. Hartford Foundation. Geriatric Social Work Faculty Scholar Award ($100,000).
Obesity and diabetes are known to accelerate atherosclerosis and vascular conditions. This grant provided the funding for me to investigate the etiology and phenomenology of depression in community-residing older adults when excess weight or diabetes occurs in the context of a progressive vascular condition (i.e., hypertension, atherosclerosis, vascular cognitive impairment, stroke, post-stroke cognitive impairment). The identification of at-risk subgroups is important because earlier health and mental health interventions could be used to prevent, identify, or reduce not only depression, but also poor glycemic and symptom control, diabetic complications, strokes, and dementia.
3. Project on Death in America, Open Society Institute. Social Work Leadership Development Award ($65,000).
This grant provided the funding for me to investigate predictors and outcomes involving hidden depression, pain and symptom attitudes, religious affiliation, and underinsurance in inner-city African-Americans and Latinos receiving palliative care.
Francoeur, R. B. & Wilson, A. M. (2015). Social work practice with older adults to prevent and control diabetes and complications. In Barbara Berkman and Daniel Kaplan (Eds.). Handbook of Social Work in Health and Aging (Second Edition). New York, NY: Oxford University, In Press.
Francoeur, R. B., Murty, S., & Sandowski, B. (2011). Chapter 13: Special considerations in rural and inner city areas. In Terry Altilio and Shirley Otis-Green (Eds.). Oxford Textbook of Palliative Social Work. (pp. 125-140). New York, NY: Oxford University.
Francoeur, R. B., & Elkins, J. (2006). Social work practice with older adults with diabetes and complications. In B. Berkman (Eds.). Handbook of Social Work in Health and Aging. (pp. 29-40). New York: Oxford University.
Christ, G., Sormanti, M., & Francoeur, R. (2001). Chronic physical illness and disability. In A. Gitterman (Eds.). Handbook of Social Work Practice with Vulnerable and Resilient Populations. (pp. 124-162). New York: Columbia University.
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Francoeur, R. B. (2014), Utilizing an innovative multiple regression procedure in a cancer population (Part II): Fever, depressive affect, and mobility clarify an influential symptom cluster (pain–fatigue/weakness–sleep problems). OncoTargets and Therapy, In Press
Francoeur, R. B. (2014), Utilizing an innovative multiple regression procedure in a cancer population (Part I): Detecting and probing dynamic relationships of a symptom interaction (pain–fatigue/weakness–sleep problems) as an exemplar for discovering influential symptom clusters. OncoTargets and Therapy, In Press
Francoeur, R. B. (2013), Could sequential residual centering resolve low sensitivity in moderated regression? Simulations and cancer symptom clusters
. Special Issue on "Statistical Methods and Analysis," Open Journal of Statistics, 3(6A),
Francoeur, R. B. (2011), Ensuring safe access to medications for palliative care while preventing prescription drug abuse: Innovations for American inner cities, rural areas, and communities overwhelmed by addiction
. Risk Management and Healthcare Policy, 4,
Francoeur, R. B. (2011), Interpreting interactions of ordinal or continuous variables in moderated regression using the zero slope comparison: tutorial, new extensions, and cancer symptom applications. Special issue on "Assessment Methods in Social Systems Science," International Journal of Society Systems Science, 3 (1/2),
Francoeur, R. B. (2010), Agency social workers could monitor hypertension in the community. Social Work in Health Care, 49 (5), 424-443.
Francoeur, R. B. (2007), The influence of age on perceptions of anticipated financial inadequacy by palliative radiation outpatients. Patient Education and Counseling, 69 (1-3), 84-92.
Francoeur, R. B., Payne, R., Raveis, V. H., & Shim, H. (2007), Palliative care in the inner-city: Patient religious affiliation, underinsurance, and symptom attitude. Cancer, 109 (2 Suppl), 425-434.
Francoeur, R. B. (2006), A flexible item to screen for depression in inner-city minorities during palliative care symptom assessment. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 14 (3), 227-235.
Francoeur, R. B. (2005), Cumulative financial stress and strain in palliative radiation outpatients: The role of age and disability. Acta Oncologica, 44 (4), 369-381.
Kramer, B., Christ, G., Bern-Klug, M., & Francoeur, R. (2005), A proposed social work research agenda for palliative and end-of-life care. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 8 (2), 418-431.
Francoeur, R. B. (2005), The relationship of cancer symptom clusters to depressive affect in the initial phase of palliative radiation. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 29 (2), 130-155.
Francoeur, R. B. (2002), Use of an income equivalence scale to understand age-related changes in financial strain. Research on Aging, 24 (4), 445-472.
Francoeur, R. B. (2001), Reformulating financial problems and interventions to improve psychological and functional outcomes in cancer patients and their families. Journal of Psychosocial Oncology, 19 (1), 1-20.
Francoeur, R. B. (1999), In pursuit of a living wage: The ethical and economic thought of Father John A. Ryan from the late 1890s until the New Deal. Social Thought: Journal of Religion in the Social Services, 19 (1), 1-14.
Francoeur, R. B., Copley, C., & Miller, P. (1997), The challenge to meet the mental health and biopsychosocial needs of the poor: Expanded roles for hospital social workers in a changing healthcare environment. Social Work in Health Care, 26 (2), 1-13.
Francoeur, R. B. (1997), Improving access, efficacy, and cost-effectiveness of alcohol rehabilitation for poor medical patients: Social work interventions. Journal of Health and Human Services Administration, 19 (4), 425-441.
Francoeur, R., & Stevens, R. (1988), Increasing the utilization of health services in rural areas of the United States and Britain: Implications for Michigan. Michigan State University Department of Agricultural Economics Report, No. 510.
Showing first 5 of 10.
Francoeur, R. B. (2008, March). Issues in palliative care, illness comorbidity, and depression [Adelphi Interdisciplinary Social & Behavioral Sciences Symposium (Part B); initially presented as a Brown Bag Lunch Seminar at the Adelphi University School of Social Work, March 2007]. Garden City, NY.
Francoeur, R. B. (2005, May). A flexible item to screen for depression in inner-city African-Americans and Latinos during comprehensive palliative care assessments [Columbia University-New York University Geriatric Education Center (Social Work Module)]. New York, NY.
Francoeur, R. B. (2003, October). Comorbid conditions in late-life depression: Diabetes, cerebrovascular disease, and chronic life stress [The October Institute of the Hartford Geriatric Social Work Faculty Scholars Program and the Gerontological Society of America]. Washington, DC.
Francoeur, R. B. (2003, July). Religious identity disclosed by underserved minorities in palliative care: A robust predictor of psychological well-being and physical symptom attitudes [Social Work Leaders Retreat, Project on Death in America, Open Society Institute]. Brewster, MA.
Francoeur, R. B. (2003, May). Sickness behavior: Depressed affect and comorbid physical symptoms during the initial phase of palliative radiation [Columbia University-New York University Geriatric Education Center (Social Work Module)]. New York, NY.
Francoeur, R. B. (2002, November). Using MIMIC to examine the etiology of masked depression in blacks and whites. [Measurement Meeting, Culture Fair Assessment in Research, Columbia University Stroud Center]. New York, NY.
Francoeur, R. B. (2002, July). Improving pain/symptom distress and the psychological well-being of inner-city minorities with financial and material burden: Palliative care as an adjunct to primary care. [Social Work Leaders Retreat, Project on Death in America, Open Society Institute]. Lake Tahoe, NV.
Francoeur, R. B. (2001, May). Initiating palliative radiation for recurrent cancer: Aging and diverging perceptions about current and anticipated financial strain. [Grand Rounds, Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center]. New York, NY.
Francoeur, R. B. (2001, March). Comorbidity in chronic illness: Depression with low sadness. [Palliative Care Multi-Site Call, Special Projects of National Significance Program of the Ryan White CARE Act]. New York, NY.
Francoeur, R. B. (1999, May). Family financial burden and chronic illness: The case of cancer [Columbia University-New York University Geriatric Education Center (Social Work Module)]. New York, NY.
Showing first 5 of 13.
Francoeur, R. B. (2013). Advanced cancer symptom clusters predict mobility problems in the absence of fever. In Gerontological Society of America, Health Sciences Section. New Orleans, LA.
Francoeur, R. B. (2012). The role of fever in clarifying the cancer symptom cluster of pain, fatigue, and sleep problems. In Gerontological Society of America, Health Sciences Section. San Diego, CA.
Francoeur, R. B. (2012). The role of fever in clarifying the pain-fatigue-sleep problems symptom cluster: A new method dramatically lowers multicollinearity in biomarker/symptom interactions. In International Symposium on Supportive Care in Cancer, Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer. New York, NY.
Francoeur, R. B. (2011). Validating psychometric measures as abuse potential signals to inform a shorter drug safety questionnaire: A proposed study of adverse events and clusters that simultaneously predict a psychometric scale and unique variation in scale items. In National Institute of Drug Abuse/Food and Drug Administration/College on Problems of Drug Dependence (NIDA/FDA/CPDD) Conference on Science of Abuse Liability Assessment. Rockville, MD.
Francoeur, R. B. (2007). Palliative care in the inner city: Patient religious affiliation, underinsurance, and symptom attitude. In Annual Assembly of the American Association of Hospice and Palliative Medicine. Salt Lake City, UT.
Francoeur, R. B. (2007). A flexible item to screen for depression in inner-city minorities during palliative care symptom assessment. In Annual Assembly of the American Association of Hospice and Palliative Medicine. Salt Lake City, UT.
Francoeur, R. B. (2006). Palliative care for inner-city African Americans and Latinos: Patient religious affiliation, underinsurance, and pain and symptom attitude. In Behavioral Research Center, American Cancer Society Conference (Exploring Models to Eliminate Cancer Disparities among African American and Latino Populations: Research and Community Solutions). Atlanta, GA.
Francoeur, R. B. (2005). A flexible item to screen for depression during comprehensive palliative care assessments of inner-city minorities. In Gerontological Society of America, Clinical Medicine Section. Orlando, FL.
Francoeur, R. B. (2004). Cancer symptom clusters from middle through late adulthood: Pain, comorbid physical symptoms, and depressed affect. In Gerontological Society of American, Clinical Medicine Section. Washington, DC.
Francoeur, R. B. (2001). Adjusting out-of-pocket costs using an income-equivalency scale to model age-related changes in financial stress-strain relationships. In Gerontological Society of America, Social Research Section. Chicago, IL.
Francoeur, R. B. (2001). Financial burden and psychosocial oncology: Clarifying the relationship. In Association of Oncology Social Work. Cleveland, OH.
Francoeur, R. B. (2000). The transition into palliative care for recurrent cancer: Do older outpatients accommodate more to objective family financial stress? In Association of Oncology Social Work, the Canadian Association of Psychological Oncology, and the American Society of Psychological and Behavioral Oncology/AIDS. Vancouver, BC, Canada.
Francoeur, R. B. (1999). Subjective perceptions of financial strain by home care patients initiating palliative radiation for recurrent cancer: Do older adults accommodate more to objective family financial stress? In 11th National Symposium on Doctoral Research in Social Work. Columbus, OH.
Victor Hainsworth (2014). A Quasi-Experiment to Examine Whether Social Enterprise Improves Sustainability of Nonprofit Agencies. Adelphi University.
Stacey Nelson (2011). Supervisory Working Alliance and Organizational Commitment in Social Work. Adelphi University.
Kimiko Tanaka (2007). The Impact of Schizophrenia on Well Siblings: Are Their Narcissistic Needs Met? Columbia University.
Honors and Accomplishments
Who's Who in America
Who's Who in Social Sciences Higher Education
One course load release for grant proposal development (2008, 2011)
Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh
M.S.W., University of Pittsburgh
M.S., Michigan State University
B.S., Cornell University
Reviewer, Annals of Epidemiology (Invited, 2011).
Reviewer, Journal of Gerontological Social Work (Invited, 2011).
Reviewer, International Journal of Public Health (Invited, 2009).
Reviewer, International Journal of Society Systems Science (Invited, 2009).
Adelphi University Authors and Artists Exhibitions (Swirbul Library, September-October 2008-2011).
Guest speaker for colloquium on: 1) "Social Work in Psychiatric Settings: Identifying Evidence-Based Information Using 'Google Scholar' and 'Google Books'" at Adelphi University School of Social Work, Garden City, NY (November 2009) and 2) "Using 'Google Scholar' to search for practice evidence" at Vassar Brothers Hospital, Poughkeepsie, NY (April 2008). Addressed social work students, alumni, community leaders, and faculty/administration from the Garden City or Hudson Valley campuses. (Sponsored by the New York State Office of Mental Health).
Alumni and Friends Event 2008: Understanding and Implementing Evidence-Based Practice, with Ken Shriver, MPH, MD, Adelphi University, Garden City, NY (May 2008). Discussed applications of evidence-based practice to health and aging as part of a panel with two Adelphi social work colleagues (Professors Fenster and Joyce). Specifically, I spoke on "A vision of evidence based practice for health promotion with older adults: An expanded role for community social workers in hypertension screening and management."
Translation and Diffusion of Geriatric Social Work Research Retreat for Hartford Scholars and Fellows, Chantilly, VA (April 2008). Participant in discussion sessions regarding application of the RE-AIM model for research translation and diffusion into current clinical practice for preventing, ameliorating, or enhancing coping with chronic health conditions.
Research Affiliate, Center for the Psychosocial Study of Health & Illness, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health (New York, NY). Consultant to Victoria Raveis on her grant-supported intervention for facilitating older caregiver spouses' adjustment to widowhood (2006-2008). I advised on community outreach and linkages to aging programs and services, and I provided clinical feedback and consultation for the interventionists.
Reviewer, Journal of Pain and Symptom Management (2008).
Editorial board and reviewer, Journal of Social Work in End-of-Life & Palliative Care (since 2004).
Editorial board and reviewer, Journal of Psychosocial Oncology (since 1999).
Editorial advisory board and reviewer for the Social Work Series, Journal of Palliative Medicine (2004-2006).
Hartford Faculty Scholars & Doctoral Fellows Research Retreat, John A. Hartford Foundation, Rye, NY (2004).
Community and Corporate Leadership
Member, Search Committee for the Director of the Center for Health Innovation (January-December, 2013).
Core Faculty Member, Adelphi Caregiver Project, Center for Health Innovation (September 2011-June 2012)
Member, Unit Peer Review Committee, Adelphi University School of Social Work (September 2011-Present)
Member, Adelphi University Public Health Programming Work Group (April 2010-June 2011)
Member, Doctoral Program Task Force, Adelphi University School of Social Work (September 2010-June 2011)
Adelphi University Faculty Senate Committee on Academic Affairs (September 2008-June 2011)
Invited speaker about my personal experience with hearing loss and hearing aids as part of the Diversity Dialogue Series (Adelphi University School of Social Work, March 24, 2010)
Moderator of the Health Care Action Student Group during Social Action Day
(Adelphi University School of Social Work, March 1, 2010)
Founding Member of the Social Work Hospice and Palliative Care Network (SWHPN, January 2008).
Community Advisory Committee to the Physical Health-Mental Health Integration Program, Flushing Hospital Medical Center (Queens borough, New York City, 2007-2008).
Social Work Practice Committee, Chair (Adelphi University School of Social Work, September 2007-June 2010).
Planned the 2004 and 2005 social work continuing education module "Culturally Appropriate Geriatric Care" of the Columbia-New York University Geriatric Education Center (2003-2006).
Hartford Geriatric Faculty Scholars Cohort IV Leadership (Washington, DC) and Teaching (Palo Alto, CA) Institutes, John A. Hartford Foundation (2004).
Assistant Professor, Columbia University School of Social Work (1998-2006).