Faculty & Staff

LAWRENCE RAPHAEL

PROFESSOR

COMMUNICATION SCIENCES AND DISORDERS

HY WEINBERG CENTER
ROOM 128

p - 516-877-4784

f - 516-877-4783

e - RAPHAEL@adelphi.edu

 

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Diplomas/Degrees

Ph.D., Graduate School, CUNY (1970)
M.A., Queens College, CUNY (1965)
BA, Queens College, CUNY (1959)

Recent Courses

Continuous Matriculation
Introduction To Speech Science
Speech And Hearing Science

Teaching Specializations/Interests

Articulatory Phonetics
Acoustic Phonetics
Speech Anatomy and Physiology
Speech Perception
Fluency Disorders
Linguistics

Research Interests

Speech Physiology
Speech Perception in normal and disordered populations
Fluency Disorders

Books

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Raphael, L. J., Borden, G. J., and Harris, K. S (2011). Speech Science Primer: Physiology, Acoustics and Perception of Speech, 6th Edition. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins..

Bakker, K., Raphael, L. J., and Myers, F.L. (Eds). (2010). Proceedings of the First World Conference on Cluttering, 2007, Katarino, Bulgaria. Springfield, MO: International Cluttering Association.

Raphael, L. J., Borden, G. J., and Harris, K. S (2008). Speech Science Primer: Physiology, Acoustics and Perception of Speech, 5th Edition. Translated into Japanese by H. Hirose. Tokyo, Japan: Igaku-Shoin Ltd..

Borden, G. J., Harris, K. S., and Raphael, L. J. (2007). Speech Science Primer, 4th Edition (in Japanese). Tokyo, Japan: Igaku-Shoin.

Raphael, L. J., Borden, G. J., and Harris, K. S. (2007). Speech Science Primer, 5th Edition. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.

Bprden, G. J., Harris, K. S., and Raphael, L. J. (2003). Speech Science Primer: Physiology, Acoustics and Perception of Speech. 4th Edition. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins.

Bell-Berti, F. F. and Raphael, L. J. (Eds.) (1995). Producing Speech: Contemporary Issues. Woodbury, NY: American Institute of Physics.

Borden, G. J., Harris, K. S., and Raphael, L. J. (1994). Speech Science Primer: Physiology, Acoustics and Perception of Speech. 3rd Edition. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins.

Raphael, L. J., Raphael, C. B, and Valdovinos, M. (1984). Language and Cognition. New York, NY: Plenum Publishing.

Bronstein, A. J., Raphael, L. J, and Stevens, Cj. (Eds.) (1977). The Biographical Dictionary of the Phonetic Sciences. Bronx, NY: Lehman College Press.


Book Chapters

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Goldfarb, R. and Raphael, L. J (2012). An acoustic analysis of a case of amusia. In R. Goldfarb (Eds.). Translational Speech-Langage Pathology and Audiology: Essays in Honor of Dr. Sadanand Singh. (pp. in press). San Diego, CA: Plural Publishing.

Bakker, K., Myers, F. L., Raphael, L. J. & St. Louis, K. O. (2011). A preliminary comparison of speech rate, self evaluation, and disfluency of people who speak exceptionally fast, clutter, or speak normally. In D. Ward and K. S. Scott (Eds.). Cluttering: A Handbook of Research, Intervention and Education. (pp. 45-65). London, United Kingdom: Psychology Press.

St. Louis, K.O., Myers, F. L., Bakker, K., and Raphael, L. J. (2007). Understanding and treating cluttering. In E, Conture and R. Curlee (Eds.). Stuttering and Related Disorders of Fluency, Third Edtion. (pp. 297-325). New York, NY: Thieme.

Raphael, L. J. (2005). Acoustic cues to the perception of segmental phonemes. In D.B. Pisoni and R. Remez (Eds.). Handbook of Speech Perception. (pp. 182-206). Oxford, United Kingdom: Blackwell.

St. Louis, K.O., Bakker, K., Myers, F.L., Raphael, L. J. (2004). Clinical and research perspectives on cluttering. In D. Georgieva (Eds.). Fluency Disorders: New Research Perspectives. (pp. 246-288). Sofia, Bulgaria: Grafis.

Raphael, L. J., Tobin, Y., Faber, A, Most, T., Milstein, D. (1995). Intermediate values of voice onset time. In Bell-Berti, F., Raphael, L.J. (Eds.). Producing Speech: Contemporary Issues. Woodbury, NY: American Institute of Physics.

Raphael, L.J. & Dorman, M.F. (1984). The role of formant transitions in the perception of stress in disyllables. In Raphael, L.J., Raphael, C.B. & Valdovinos, M. (Eds.). Language and Cognition: Essays in Honor of Arthur J. Bronstein. (pp. 249--256). New YOrk, NY: Plenum Publishing.

Bronstein, A.J. & Raphael, L.J. (1979). Phonetics and other disciplines: Then and now. In H. Hollien (Eds.). Current Issues in the Phonetic Science. (pp. 13-21). Amsterdam, Netherlands: John Benjamins B. V..

Raphael, L.J., Dorman, M.F., & Isenberg, D. (1979). The perception of sequences of identical and different stops in natural and synthetic speech. In Wolf, J.J. & Klatt, D. (Eds.). "Speech Communication Papers Presented at the 97th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America". (pp. 331-335). New York, NY: Acoustical Society of America.

Turek, S.V. de G., Dorman, M.F., Franks, J.R., Raphael, L. J. & Summerfield, A.Q. (1979). Identification of synthetic /bdg/ by hearing-impaired listeners in monotic and dichotic listening conditions. In J. Wolf and D. Klatt (Eds.). Speech Communication Papers Presented at the 97th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America. (pp. 331-335). New York, NY: Acoustical Society of America.


Refereed Articles

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Myers, F. L., Bakker, K., St. Louis, K. O., & Raphael, L. J. (2012), Disfluencies in cluttered speech. Journal of Fluency Disorders, in press.

Raphael, L. J., Bakker, K., Myers, F. L., & St. Louis, K. O. (2010), Spectrographic Characteristics of Cluttered Speech. Proceedings of the First World Conference on Cluttering, 2007, Katarino, Bulgaria.

St. Louis, K. O., Bakker, K., Myers, F. L., & Raphael, L. J. (2010), Cluttering. International Encyclopedia of Rehabilitation..

Shafiro, V., Raphael, L. J. (2008), Variable perception of white noise in ambiguous phonetic context: The case of /p/ and /f/. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, in press.

Casper, M, Raphael, L.J., Harris, K.S., Geibel, J. M. (2007), Speech prosody in cerebellar ataxia. International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 42, 407-426.

St. Louis, K.O., Bakker, K., Myers, F. L., Raphael, L. J. (2005), Clinical management of cluttering. Neurologopedia, 1, 47-59.

McGarr, N., Raphael, L. J. ,Kollia, B., Vorperian, H.K., Harris, K. S. (2004), Sibilant production in speakers who are hard of hearing: Electropalatographic and perceptual evidence. Volta Review, 104.

Halberstam, B., Raphael, L. J. (2004), Vowel normalization: The role of fundamental frequency and upper formants. Journal of Phonetics, 32.

St. Louis, K.O., Raphael, L.J., Bakker, K.L., Myers, F.L. (2003), Cluttering updated. ASHA Leader, 21.

Petinou, K.C., Schwartz, R.G., Raphael, L.J., Gravel, J.S. (2001), A preliminary account of phonological and morphophonological perception in young children with and without otitis media. International Journal of Language and Communcation Disorders, 36.

Stone, M., Faber, A., Raphael, L. J. & Shawker, T. H. (1992), Cross-sectional tongue shape and linguopalatal contact patterns in [s],. Journal of Phonetics, 20, 253-270.

Stone, M., Raphael, L. J., Faber, A., Shawker, T.H. (1992), Cross-sectional tongue shape and linguopalatal contact patterns in [s], [sh] and [l]. Journal of Phonetics, 20.

McGarr, N.S., Raphael, L. J.. Kollia, B., Kaloustian, H. K. & Harris, K.S. McGarr, H. B. Kollia, H. K. Kaloustian, and K. S. Harris (1991), An electropalatographic study of sibilants produced by hearing and hearing-impaired speakers. Proceedings of the XIIth International Congress on Phonetic Sciences, August 19-24, Aix-en-Provence, France., 5, 350-353.

Raphael, L.J. & Dorman, M.F. (1990), Silence as a cue to the perception of syllable-initial and syllable-final stop consonants. J. of Phnetics, 8, 269-275.

Volin, R., Goldfarb, R., Raphael, L. J., & Weinstein, B. (1990), Language, speech and hearing in Pick=s Disease: A case study. Clinical Gerontologist, 10, 93-98.

Faber, A. & Raphael, L. J. (1989), On the extent of bite-block compensation in vowel articulation. Proceedings of the XIIth International Congress on Phonetic Sciences, August 19-24, Aix-en-Provence, France., 2 pp. 377-380., 377-380..

Klink, M., Gerstman, L.. Raphael, L.J. & Newsome, L. (1986), Phonological process usage by young EMR children and nonretarted preschool children. American Journal of Mental Deficiency., 91, 191-195.

Bell-Berti, F. & Raphael, L.J. (1983), On identifying syllable boundaries. Speech Communication, 2, 145-147.

Raphael, L. J. & Bell-Berti, F. (1983), On identifying the control of syllable boundaries in vocalic sequences. Proceedings of the 11th International Congress on Acoustics, Paris,, 1983, 4, 61-64.

Collier, R., Bell-Berti, F., & Raphael, L.J. (1982), Some acoustic and physiological observations on diphthongs. Language and Speech, 25, 305-323.

Paraday, S., Dorman, M.F., Whaley, P. & Raphael, L.J. (1981), Identification of a synthesized voicing contrast by normal and sensorineural hearing-impaired children. J. of the Acoustical Society of America, 69, 783-790.

Raphael, L. J. (1981), Durations and contexts as cues to word-final cognate opposition in English. Phonetica, 38, 126-147.

Dorman, M.F. & Rapahel, L.J. (1980), Distribution of acoustic cue for stop consonant place of articulation in VCV syllables. J. of the Acoustical Society of America, 67, 1333-1335.

Dorman, M.F., Raphael, L.J. & Isenberg, D. (1980), Acoustic cues for a fricative-affricate contrast in word-final position. J. of Phonetics, 8, 436-444.

Raphael, L.J., Dorman, M.F., & Raphael, & Geffner, D. (1980), Voicing-conditioned durational differences in vowels and consonants in the speech of three-and four-year-old children. J. of Phnetics, 8, 335-341.

Dorman, M.F., Raphael, L.J., & Liberman, A.M. (1980), On defining the vowel duration that cues voicing in final position. J. of Phonetics, 8, 397-405.

Dorman, M.F., Raphael, L.J., & Liberman, A.M. (1979), Some experiments on the sound of silence in phonetic perception. J. of the Acoustical Society of America, 65, 1518-1532.

Raphael, L.J., Bell-Berti, F., Collier, R., & Baer, T. (1979), Tongue position in rounded and unrounded front vowel pairs. Language and Speech, 22, 37-48.

Bell-Berti, F., Raphael, L.J., Pisoni, D.B., & Sawusch, J.R. (1979), Some relationships between speech production and perception. Phonetica, 36, 373-383.

Borden, G.J., Dorman, M.F., Freeman, F.J., & Raphael, L.J. (1977), Electromyographic changes with delayed auditory feedback of speech. J. of Phonetics, 5, 1-8.

Dorman, M.F., Studdert-Kennedy, M., & Raphael, L.J. (1977), Stop-consonant recognition: Release bursts and formant transitions as functionally equivalent, context-dependent cues. Perception & Psychophysics, 22, 109-122.

Raphael, L.J., Dorman, M.F., Freeman, F., &Tobin, C. (1975), Vowel and nasal duration as cues to voicing in word-final stop consonants: Spectrographic and perceptual studies. J. of Speech and Hearing Research, 18, 389-400.

Raphael, L.J. & Bell-Berti, F. (1975), Tongue musculature and the feature of tension in English vowels. Phonetica, 61-73.

Dorman, M.F., Cutting, J.E., & Raphael, L.J. (1975), Perception of temporal order of vowel sequences with and without formant transitions. J. of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance., 104, 121-129.

Raphael, L.J. (1975), The physiological control of durational differences between vowels preceding voiced and voiceless consonants in English. J. of Phonetics, 3, 25-33.

Raphael, L.J. (1972), Preceding vowel duration as a cue to the perception of the voicing characteristic of word-final consonants in American English. J. of the Acoustical Society of America, 51, 1296-1303.

Bronstein, A.J., Raphael, L.J., & Bronstein, E. (1972), The swinging sociolinguistics pendulum. Illinois Schoos Journal, 52, 2-6.


Conference Presentations/Papers

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Raphael, L. J., Bakker, K., Myers, F. L., St. Louis, K. O., Kalenderian, A., and Finik, M. (2011). Conversational syllable rates in episodes of cluttering. In American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. San Diego.

Raphael, L. J., Bakker, K., Myers, F. L., St. Louis, K. O., Kalenderian, A., and Finik, M. (2011). Syllable rates in cluttered and normal conversational speech. In New York State Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Saratoga Springs, NY.

Goldfarb, R. G. and Raphael, L. J. (2011). An acoustic analysis of a case of amusia. In New York State Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Saratoga Springs, NY.

Raphael, L. J., Bakker, K., Myers, F. L., St. Louis, K. O., Kalenderian, A., and Finik, M. (2010). Syllable Rates in cluttered and non-cluttered conversational speech. In American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Philadelphia, PA.

Goldfarb, R. G. and Raphael, L. J. (2010). An acoustic analysis of a case of amusia. In American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Philadelphia, PA.

Raphael, L. J., Bakker, K., Myers, F. L., St. Louis, K. O., Kalenderian, A., and Finik, M. (2010). Syllable rates in cluttered and non-cluttered conversational speech. In New York State Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Saratoga Springs, NY.

Raphael, L. J. (2008). Syllable production rate in conversational speech. In Acoustical Society of America/Acoustics’08,. Paris, France.

Bell-Berti, F., Raphael, L. J., and Kewley-Port, D. (2007). The academic family tree of Katherine Safford Harris. In Acoustical Society of America/Acoustics’08,. Salt Lake City, Utah.

Raphael, L. J., Bakker, K., Myers, F. L.., and St. Louis, K. O. (2007). Syllable rates in meaningful tasks: Persons who clutter versus controls. In American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Boston, MA.

Bakker, K., Myers, F. L., Lee, S. J., Raphael, L. J., and St., Louis, K. O (2007). Cluttering Severity Assessment: Talking time measurement during oral reading. In American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Boston, MA.

Raphael, L. J., Bakker, K., Myers, F. L., St. Louis, K. O., Kalenderian, A., and Finik, M. (2007). Spectrographic Characteristics of Cluttered Speech Rate. In First International Conference on Cluttering,. Razlog, Bulgaria.

Raphael, L. J., Bakker, K., Myers, F. L., St. Louis, K. O., and Kostel, M. (2006). An update on diadochokinetic rates of normal and cluttered speech. In American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. San Diego, CA.

Bakker, K., Myers, F. L., St. Louis, K. O., Raphael, L. J., Lawson, S., Hencken, C. , and Dycka, D. (2006). Self-awareness of communication behaviors in clutterers and nonclutterers. In American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Miami Beach, FL.

Raphael, L. J., Bakker, K., Myers, F. L., St Louis, K. O., Fichtner, V., and Kostel, M. (2006). Cluttered speech, normal speech, and diadochokinetic rate. In New York State Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Saratoga Springs, NY.

Raphael, L. J., Bakker, K., St. Louis, K. O., Myers, F. L., Fichtner, V., and Kostel, M. (2006). An update on diadochokinetic rates of cluttered and normal speech. In New York University Colloquia Series. New York, NY.

Bakker, K., Myers, F. L., St. Louis, K. O., and Raphael, L. J. (2005). A freeware software tool for determining aspects of cluttering severity. In American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. San Diego, CA.

Myers, F. L., Raphael, L. J., St. Louis, K. O., and Bakker, K. (2005). Self-ratings of speaking rate and clarity by clutterers following DDK. In American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. San Diego, CA.

Bakker, K., St. Louis, K. O., Myers, F. L., and Raphael, L. J. (2005). Computer aided assessment of cluttering severity. In Eighth International Stuttering Awareness Day Online Conference. On-line.

Raphael, L. J., Bakker, K., Myers, F. L., St. Louis, K. O., and Fictner, V. (2005). Rates of cluttered and normal speech: Diadochokinetic Measurements. In New York State Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Huntington, NY.

Raphael, L. J., Bakker, K., St. Louis, K. O., Myers, F. L., and MacRoy, M. (2004). DDK production variability in cluttered speech. In American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Philadelphia, PA.

St. Louis, K. O., Myers F. M., Bakker, K. Raphael, L. J., Frangis, G., and Lwowski, A. (2004). Disfluencies of cluttered and excessively rapid speech. In American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Philadelphia, PA.

Raphael, L. J., Bakker, K., St. Louis, K. O., Myers, F. L., and MacRoy, M. (2004). Diadochokinetic rates of cluttered and normal speech. In American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Philadelphia, PA.

Raphael, L. J. (2004). Lisker and Abramson: Teaching Researchers. In Acoustical Society of America. New York, NY.

Myers, F. L., St. Louis, K. O., Bakker, K., Raphael, L. J., and Lwowski, A. (2004). Disfluencies of cluttered and non-cluttered speech. In New York State Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Albany, NY.

Conroy, C., Raphael, L. J., and Bell-Berti, F. (2003). The effects of four variables on the intelligiblility of synthesized sentences. In Acoustical Society of America. Austin, Texas.

Myers, F. L., St. Louis, K. O., Bakker, K., and Raphael, L. J. (2003). Patterns of dysfluency in cluttered speech. In American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Chicago, IL.

Myers, F. L., Raphael, L. J., St. Louis, K. O., Bakker, K., Lwowski, A., Bileychuck, C., Graves, J. L., and MacRoy, M. (2003). Contrasting the speech of clutterers and normals: Evidence from acoustic and meta-communication analyses. In New York State Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Rye, NY.

Casper, M., Raphael, L. J., and Harris, K. S. (2002). An acoustic model of normal speech prosody. In First Pan-American/Iberian Meeting on Acoustics (Acoustical Society of America; Iberoamerican Congress of Acoustics; Mexican Congress on Acoustics. Cancun, Mexico.

Casper, M., Harris, K. S., and Raphael, L. J. (2002). Diagnosing the dysarthrias: Acoustic and MRI findings. In American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Atlanta, GA.

Levey, S. and Raphael, L. J. (2002). Stress clash: Frequency and strategies of resolution. In Acoustical Society of America. Pittsburgh, PA.

Raphael, L. J., Bakker, K., Myers, F., St. Louis, K.. O., and MacRoy, M. (2002). Acoustic analysis of DDK utterances of cluttered and normal speech. In New York State Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Rochester, NY.

Casper, M., Raphael, L. J., and Harris, K. S. (2001). Speech prosody in cerebellar ataxia. In Acoustical Society of America. Fort Lauderdale, FL.

Raphael, L. J., Bakker, K., Myers, F. L., St. Louis, K. O., and MacRoy, M. (2001). Articulatory/acoustic features of DDKs in cluttered, tachylalic and normal speech. In American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. New Orleans, LA.

Scheffler, F., Gravel, J. S., Shafer, V., Raphael, L. J., and Schwartz, R. (2001). Speech perception in SLI: Vowel duration and lexical effects. In American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. New Orleans, LA.


Dissertation Chaired

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Cindy Arroyo (2005). The persistence of co-occurrence patterns observed in babbling and early speech of children with developmental apraxia of speech. Adelphi University.

Amee Shah (2002). Spanish accented English: Temporal measures and accentedness ratings. Graduate School, CUNY.

Nassima Abdelli (2002). The acoustic correlates of the voicing distinction in French cognate stops. Graduate School, CUNY.

Felicia Gironda (2000). The effects of linguistic content on the processing of affective intonation. Graduate School, CUNY.

Maureen Casper (2000). Speech prosody in cerebellar ataxia. Graduate School, CUNY.

Sandra Levey (1999). The Role of Vowel Quality in Stress Clash. Graduate School, CUNY.

Benjamin Halberstam (1998). Vowel normalization: The role of fundamental frequency. Graduatte School, CUNY.