Virtual Health and Wellness Center at Adelphi University, Long Island, NY

Past Monthly Health Topics

May 2013

Eat YOUR Way to Good Health: Making Wise choices while living on campus!

Grains/Carbohydrates: Carbohydrates were once grouped into two main categories.

  • Simple carbohydrates include fruit sugar such as: (fructose), corn or grape sugar (dextrose or glucose), and table sugar (sucrose).

  • Complex carbohydrates were thought to be the healthiest to eat, while simple carbohydrates weren’t so great. Well the digestive system handles all carbohydrates much the same way as an energy source; the essential difference is fiber and sugar content which can be derived by a system called Glycemic Index. The Glycemic index aims to classify carbohydrates based on how quickly and how they boost the blood sugar compared to pure glucose.

Recommended Choices

  • 100 % Whole Wheat Bread
  • Bulgur, Barley
  • Quinoa
  • Oats
  • Buckwheat Groats
  • Whole Wheat Pasta
  • Brown Rice
  • Wheat Berries
  • Flax Seed Breads and Cereals
  • Sweet Potatoes

Poor Choices (Keyword white which means lack of nutrients and fiber)

  • White Flour
  • White Bread
  • Refined Sugars
  • White Rice
  • French Fries

Are necessary for growth and repair of body tissue.

  • Some of the proteins we eat have all 8 essential amino acids needed to build new proteins. These are called complete proteins. Animal proteins are complete proteins.

  • Protein sources that lack one or more “essential” acids are referred to as incomplete. By combining incomplete sources such as beans, soy, nuts and grains our bodies will then convert them into complete sources that can be utilized by the body.

Recommended Choices

  • Skinless Poultry
  • Fish (including fatty fish which are high in Omega 3 Salmon, Mackerel, Arctic Char, Sardines, Snapper, Herring, Halibut)
  • Lean Meats
  • Low Fat Dairy Products
  • Pork Tenderloin
  • Tofu
  • Tempe
  • Beans

Poor Choices (Keyword fried)

  • Fast Foods (Big Mac, Whopper, Fried Chicken, Fried Fish)
  • Fatty Meats
  • Hot Dogs
  • Cured cold cuts Bologna, Salami, Pepperoni (high in fat and nitrates)

Dairy Products:
Maintenance of Skeletal (Bones) structure, Teeth

Recommended Choices

  • Skim Milk
  • Skim Milk Plus (Enriched with additional Protein and Calcium)
  • Low fat Yogurt
  • Low Fat Cheese
  • Light Ice Cream

Poor Choices

  • Whole milk
  • Full Fat Cheese
  • Whole fat Ice Cream
  • Cream Sauces (Alfredo and Ala Vodka)

Fruits and Vegetables:
They are loaded with wonderful Vitamins and Minerals. Dark Greens and Brightly Colored fruits and veggies contain Vitamins A, C, E, Folic Acid, B Vitamins, Potassium and lycopene, etc. Studies reveal fruits and vegetables have anti cancer properties, aid in digestion due to the fiber.

Recommended Choices
(Try to“experiment" a new fruit or vegetable on a weekly basis.)

  • Broccoli
  • Carrots, Tomatoes
  • Spinach
  • Asparagus
  • Brussels Sprouts
  • Cauliflower
  • Romaine Lettuce
  • Green Beans
  • Kale
  • Swiss Chard
  • Butternut Squash
  • Acorn Squash
  • Spaghetti Squash
  • Berries (Blueberries, Strawberries, Raspberries, Blackberries)
  • Mangos
  • Oranges
  • Grapefruit
  • Pineapple
  • Apples
  • Bananas
  • Kiwi
  • Honeydew
  • Cantaloupe
  • Watermelon…The LIST goes on and on.

Poor Choices (Not too many poor choices in this category)

  • Iceberg Lettuce
  • Fried Vegetables

Eating healthfully and nutritiously does not have to mean sacrifice. A healthy food plan should consist of wonderful flavorful foods found in each food group.    
Do yourself a favor it’s best to avoid White flour, refined sugars, and Saturated fat.  You don’t have to deprive yourself, just consume the “bad” choices in small amounts. Don’t forget exercise is not optional! 

By Helene Konsker MS, RD, CDN

March 2013

Increasing Caloric Burn: Good nutrition and exercise work together to boost caloric burn

Health, fitness and weight management are about balancing the number of calories taken in by eating with those burned from metabolizing. Fit people have higher metabolic rates.

Metabolism is the process by which the body converts food into energy and uses this energy. The body needs energy for activities like jogging and biking, but also to fuel bodily processes such as breathing and circulation.
Four components make up the total daily metabolic burn rate:

  1. Resting metabolic rate: number of calories the body burns at rest
  2. Thermic effect of metabolizing food: digestion
  3. Calories burned by daily activities
  4. Physical activities: exercise

Here are six tips for staying lean and fit by increasing metabolic burn:

  1. Strength training: Adding more muscle mass increases the number of calories the body burns at rest because muscle is more metabolically active than fat; strength-training also helps maintain bone density balance. 

  2. Add daily cardio: Cardio is the greatest calorie burner in the least amount of time.

  3. Increase protein intake: eating small amounts of lean protein at every meal is an effective metabolism booster.

  4. Eat smaller, more frequent meals: Proven metabolism booster, but also provides stable blood sugar level and constant energy source for metabolism.

  5. Get enough sleep: Lack of sleep can harm the body’s endocrine function and capacity to metabolize carbohydrates.

  6. Practice stress reduction: Stress triggers the release of cortisol which stim-ulates fate storage, specifically around the middle of the body; cortisol also slow metabolism; try exercising, listening to music, gardening or another stress reducing activity.