Ph.D., Human Development, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY (2005)
MA, Human Development, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY (2001)
BA: Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (1999)
Human Behavior Theory For Social Work Practice I
Human Behavior Theory For Social Work Practice II
My scholarship is framed by problem behavior theory of adolescence (PBT), as it was originally specified as “behavior that is socially defined as…undesirable by the norms of conventional society and the institutions of adult authority, and its occurrence usually elicits some kind of social control response” (Jessor & Jessor, 1977, p.83). Offering an alternative to a position of pathologizing and judgment, PBT questions the assumption that undesirable, unconventional, or non-normative behavior of youth is necessarily unhealthy, abnormal, disordered, immoral, psychopathological, and/or maladaptive to youths’ own contexts. PBT also questions the assumption that all efforts by conventional people and institutions to bring youth into line with the norms of conventional society are beneficial or even well-intentioned. Taken together with the fact that many problem behaviors actually have negative health consequences, it suggests that policy and practice interventions informed by conventional society’s ideological goals may work at cross-purposes to an authentic attempt to address the client population’s needs.
I have addressed questions inspired by PBT in various substantive areas, including religion, sexuality, LGBT identity, homelessness, sexual risk behavior, substance use, and video games. My work challenges conventional ideological assumptions about client populations and suggests ways in which unconventional status or behavior may be better understood by practitioners, policymakers, or members of the client population themselves. My work has implications, direct or indirect, for more effective remediation of mental or physical health problems through better informed interventions. In addition to pursuing my own projects, I lend analytical support to other projects compatible with my aims as a way of building collaborative relationships, exercising my skills, and learning about new areas.
National Institutes of Health Research Project Grant (R01). Video Games' Role in Developing Substance Use, co-principal investigators Eloise Dunlap, Luther C. Elliott, and Geoffrey L. Ream, 1R01DA027761-01, funded by the National Institute of Drug Abuse January 15, 2010 through December 31, 2012, total 3-year budget $943,989. Application submitted for the February 15, 2009 deadline with co-principal investigators Luther C. Elliott and Bruce D. Johnson at the National Development and Research Institutes (NDRI) in Manhattan. After Dr. Johnson's unexpected death in late February 2009, his long-time colleague at NDRI Eloise Dunlap replaced him as co-principal investigator. The application received a priority score of 25, in the 11th %ile.
Adelphi University, Faculty Development Grant. Differential developmental trajectories of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth. Awarded February 12, 2009 to Geoffrey L. Ream, Principal Investigator, $1000.
Adelphi University, Faculty Development Grant. Condom cognition: Factors affecting the decision process about condom use among homeless lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth. Awarded January 10, 2008 to Geoffrey L. Ream, Principal Investigator, $4000.
American Psychological Foundation, Roy Scrivner Memorial Research Grant. Family based support as a source of resiliency for sexual-minority youth. Awarded 5/15/03 to Geoffrey L. Ream, Principal Investigator, $1000.
Cornell University Department of Human Development, Harold Feldman Fellowship for research on families. Family-based support as a source of resiliency for sexual-minority youth. Awarded 2/13/03 to Geoffrey L. Ream, Principal Investigator, $675.
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Ream, G. L., Johnson, B. D., Sifaneck, S. J., & Dunlap, E. (2006). Distinguishing Blunts Users from Joints Users: A comparison of marijuana use subcultures. In S. M. Cole (Eds.). New Research on Street Drugs. (pp. 245-273). New York, NY: Nova Science Publishers.
Ream, G. L., & Savin-Williams, R. C. (2005). Religion and the educational experiences of adolescents. In T. Urdan (Eds.). Educating adolescents: Challenges and strategies. (pp. 255-286). Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.
Ream, G. L., & Savin-Williams, R. C. (2005). Youth risk behavioral surveys. In J. T. Sears (Eds.). Youth, education, and sexualities: An international encyclopedia (Vol. 2: K-Z). (pp. 920-922). Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group.
Ream, G. L., & Savin-Williams, R. C. (2005). Resiliency. In J. T. Sears (Eds.). Youth, education, and sexualities: An international encyclopedia (Vol. 2: K-Z). (pp. 724-727). Westport, NY: Greenwood Publishing Group.
Ream, G. L. (2005). Lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth. In C. B. Fisher & R. M. Lerner (Eds.). Encyclopedia of applied developmental science (Vol. 2). (pp. 655-658). Medford, MA: Tufts University Press.
Ream, G. L. (2005). Religion and psychological development. In J. T. Sears (Eds.). Youth, education, and sexualities: An international encyclopedia (Vol. 2: K-Z). (pp. 702-705). Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group.
Ream, G. L. (2003). Religion and sexual orientation in America. In J. R. Miller, R. M. Lerner, L. B. Schiamberg & P. M. Anderson (Eds.). Encyclopedia of human ecology. (pp. 608-613). Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-Clio.
Ream, G. L., & Witt, P. A. (2003). Organizations serving all ages. In S. F. Hamilton & M. A. Hamilton (Eds.). Handbook of Youth Development. (pp. 49-74). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Ream, G. L., & Savin-Williams, R. C. (2003). Religious development in adolescence. In G. R. Adams & M. D. Berzonsky (Eds.). Blackwell Handbook of Adolescence. (pp. 51-59). Oxford, United Kingdom: Blackwell Publishers.
Ream, G. L. (2001). Religion, spirituality, and belief systems. In J. V. Lerner, R. M. Lerner & J. Finkelstein (Eds.). Adolescence in America: An encyclopedia (Vol. 2: N-Y). (pp. 576-584). Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-Clio.
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Ream, G. L., Elliott, L. C., & Dunlap, E (2013), Trends in video game play through childhood, adolescence, and emerging adulthood
. Psychiatry Journal
Windsor, L. C., Benoit, E., Ream, G. L., & Forenza, B. (2012), The provider perception inventory: Psychometrics of a scale designed to measure provider stigma about HIV, substance abuse, and MSM behavior. AIDS Care, 25,
Ream, G. L., Barnhart, K. F., & Lotz, K. V. (2012), Decision processes about condom use among shelter-homeless LGBT youth in Manhattan
. AIDS Research and Treatment
Ream, G. L., Elliott, L. C., & Dunlap, E. (2011), Playing video games while using or feeling the effects of substances: Associations with substance use problems
. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 8,
Ream, G. L., Elliott, L. C., & Dunlap, E. (2011), Patterns of and motivations for concurrent use of video games and substances
. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 8,
Ream, G. L., Johnson, B. D., Dunlap, E., & Benoit, E. (2010), The role of marijuana use etiquette in avoiding targeted police enforcement. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, 17, 689-706.
Miller, R. L., Ream, G. L., McCormack, J., Gunduz-Bruce, H., Sevy, S., & Robinson, D. G. (2009), A prospective study of cannabis use as a risk factor for non-adherence and treatment dropout in first-episode schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 113, 138-144.
Ream, G. L., Benoit, E., Johnson, B. D., & Dunlap, E. (2008), Smoking tobacco along with marijuana increases symptoms of cannabis dependence. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 95, 199-208.
Savin-Williams, R. C., & Ream, G. L. (2007), Prevalence and stability of sexual orientation components during adolescence and young adulthood. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 36, 385-394.
Ream, G. L. (2006), Reciprocal effects between the perceived environment and heterosexual intercourse among adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 35, 768-782.
Ream, G. L., & Savin-Williams, R. C. (2005), Reconciling Christianity and positive non-heterosexual identity in adolescence, with implications for psychological well-being. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Issues in Education, 2, 19-36.
Ream, G. L., & Savin-Williams, R. C. (2005), Reciprocal associations between adolescent sexual activity and quality of youth-parent interactions. Journal of Family Psychology, 19, 171-179.
Ream, G. L. (2012, November). Harm reduction, youth development, and community building in services to homeless LGBT youth. Empowering the Tribe: A Symposium on LGBTI Issues, New York, NY.
Ream, G. L. (2003, August). Roy Scrivner memorial lecture: Family adaptation to youth (homo)sexuality. 111th annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, Toronto, ON, Canada.
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Ream, G. L., Elliott, L. C., & Dunlap, E. (2012). Problem video game play and substance use problems among emerging adult video gamers: Cross-sectional and longitudinal findings. In Society for Research on Adolescence. Vancouver, BC, Canada.
Ream, G. L., Elliott, L. C., & Dunlap, E. (2011). Relationships between problem video game playing, substance dependence symptoms, concurrent video game & substance use, and growth in use over time. In Annual meeting of the American Psychological Association. Washington DC.
Temme, L. J., & Ream, G. L. (2010). Mediation as a means to decrease the risk for relapse in chemically dependent adults. In Annual conference of the Society for Social Work Research. San Francisco.
Ream, G. L., Barnhart, K. F., Hing, M., & Lotz, K. V. (2009). "Condom Cognition" of homeless LGBT youth in Manhattan. In 35th annual meeting of the International Academy of Sex Research. San Juan, PR.
Ream, G. L., Johnson, B. D., Golub, A., & Dunlap, E. (2006). Marijuana arrests: Influences of ethnicity, gender, blunts vs. joints, and marijuana etiquette. In 68th annual meeting of the College on Problems of Drug Dependence. Scottsdale, AZ.
Ream, G. L. (2006). Past sexual orientation and other influences on present sexual orientation identity: A comparison of methods using Add Health data. In Biennial meeting of the Society for Research on Adolescence. San Francisco.
Ream, G. L., & Savin-Williams, R. C. (2005). Gender atypicality, victimization, and mental health in sexual-minority youths. In Annual meeting of the American Psychological Association. Washington DC.
Ream, G. L., & Savin-Williams, R. C. (2003). Family support as youth resiliency: Sex and sexual orientation differences. In Annual meeting of the American Psychological Association. Toronto.
Ream, G. L. (2003). Religion as resiliency: Sex, sexual orientation and race differences. In Annual meeting of the American Psychological Association. Toronto.
Ream, G. L., & Savin-Williams, R. C. (2003). Add Sex: Changes attributable to sexual debut. In 2003 Add Health Users Workshop. Bethesda, MD.
Rachel L. Miller (2006). Cannabis: A vulnerability-stress factor in the treatment of recent onset of schizophrenia. Adelphi University.
Other Scholarly/Artistic Work
For complete portfolio, go to http://tinyurl.com/aumoodle (connecting to Moodle any other way may not work), username: greamportfolio, password: gream, select "G. Ream Electronic Portfolio" hyperlink from "Filtered Courses List" in right sidebar.
Editorial Board member, Journal of Youth and Adolescence, April 2005-present
Consultant to Bruce Johnson, Ph.D. and Eloise Dunlap, Ph.D., NDRI, July 2005-February 2008
Analyzed quantitative data gathered in a mixed-methods qualitative/ethnographic and questionnaire study of New York City marijuana users ages 18 through 24 for publication and to supplement a competing continuation grant application. Project: Marijuana/Blunts: Use, Subcultures, and Markets, funded by National Institute on Drug Abuse grant 5R01 DA 013690-04.
Peer reviewer for Developmental Psychology, American Journal of Education, Archives of Sexual Behavior, Journal of Adolescent Research, National Multicultural Conference & Summit II (Fall 2000), Personal Relationships, The Sociological Quarterly, Journal of Homosexuality, Journal of Early Adolescence, Journal of Adolescence, Child & Adolescent Mental Health, Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, Journal of Family Psychology, Addiction, Substance Use and Misuse, Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy, American Journal of Public Health, Social Science and Medicine, Malyon-Smith scholarship awarded by Division 44 of the American Psychological Association.
New Scholar Reviewer, Personal Relationships, March 2003-August 2005
No longer a “new scholar” as of August 2005.
Research assistant to Rachel Dunifon, Ph.D. and Lori Kowaleski-Jones, Ph.D., January-December 2003
Performed secondary analysis of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics Child Development Supplement (PSID-CDS) using census geocode data for a project on neighborhood effects on youth development. Project: Social Context and Youth Competence: Assessing Pathways of Influence of Community Resources, funded by W. T. Grant Foundation.
Consultant to Caitlin Ryan, Ph.D., Jan. 2001 - Mar. 2001
Assisted with literature review for a project on LGBT youth and faith-based organizations.
Community and Corporate Leadership
Volunteer & Board Vice President, New Alternatives for Homeless LGBT Youth, NYC, Nov. 2008-Apr. 2012
Providing technical assistance with evaluation, grant writing, record-keeping, and curriculum development for this program which aims to provide life skills training, psychoeducation, and developmental asset building among homeless LGBT youth ages 18-24. Also assisted in creating a Social Work internship position with this organization for an Adelphi student beginning Spring 2011. New Alternatives is based in Middle Collegiate Church in Manhattan and is the vision of Kate Barnhart, activist and former director of Metropolitan Community Church Homeless Youth Services. The organization eventually hopes to provide job training and employment opportunities for homeless LGBT youth.
Consultant to Trinity Place Shelter, New York, NY, November 2007-Present
Wrote statement of need and evaluation plan for this faith-based LGBT youth shelter’s first application for funding from the AIDS Institute of the New York State Department of Health, which was funded at about $100,000. Also helped obtain its first funding from the Paul Rapoport Foundation. Collaborated with Pastor Heidi Neumark of Trinity Lutheran Church of NYC and Kevin Lotz, LCSW, CASAC, Trinity Place’s program director. Attended the Empire State Pride Agenda 2009 Technical Assistance Conference on February 25, 2009 in Albany, NY, on behalf of Trinity Place. Working with Nicholas Forge, Trinity Place volunteer coordinator and Fordham University doctoral student, created a rigorous protocol for evaluating client outcomes that will be the first of its kind among homeless LGBT youth services.
Consultant to Sylvia’s Place Shelter, New York, NY, Fall 2005–Spring 2009
Wrote evaluation plan for this LGBT youth shelter’s application for competing continuation of their grant for LGBT-specific social services from the AIDS institute of the New York State Department of Health, which was funded at about $100,000. Also helped obtain continuing funding from the Paul Rapoport Foundation. Collaborated with Kate Barnhart, then director of Metropolitan Community Church of NYC’s Homeless Youth Services. Created intake forms, managed intake database, and compiled statistical reports based on intake data for public presentations and applications and reports to funding agencies. Used “entrée” with this community of service providers to conduct a qualitative interview study of thought processes about condoms among homeless LGBT youth.
Consultant to Leadership Training Institute, Hempstead, NY, June 2007-April 2008
Working with Elizabeth Palley and Roger Levin, also of the Adelphi School of Social Work, and director Mel Jackson, to help fulfill this organization’s reporting and evaluation requirements for their Compassion Capital grant. Assembled existing data into a report and drafted measures for collection of additional, longitudinal data.